Affordable surrogacy india
A surrogate is a woman who carries a pregnancy for another woman. The first surrogate pregnancy occurred in the United States in 1985. There are two different kinds of surrogates. Gestational carrier refers to a woman who carries a pregnancy created by the egg and sperm of two other individuals. This process involves IVF. In this case, the gestational carrier is not genetically related to the child.
The second kind of surrogate is referred to as a traditional surrogate. This process does not involve IVF. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate is inseminated with sperm from the male partner of an infertile couple. The child that results is genetically related to the surrogate and the male partner but not the female partner. The female partner or couple must legally adopt the child after birth. ‘
When is Surrogacy Considered?
A gestational carrier may be considered by a woman who has functioning ovaries but no uterus. For example, a woman may have had a hysterectomy or may have been born without a uterus. A gestational earner may also be considered by a woman whose uterus is malformed or who is otherwise incapable of carrying a pregnancy. If pregnancy would be life-threatening to a woman due to severe medical problems, then a gestational carrier is an option Traditional surrogacy may be considered by a woman who has no ovaries or whose ovaries cannot produce usable eggs due to declining ovarian function or premature ovarian failure. Traditional surrogacy may also be considered by a woman who has a genetic disease that may be transmitted to her child or who has a medical problem that precludes pregnancy.
The evaluation of the infertile couple for gestational surrogacy includes a complete medical history from both partners. In addition to a complete physical exam, some assessment of how well the female partner’s ovaries function may be recommended. The male partner’s semen quality should also be analyzed. Infectious disease testing is recommended for the couple and the gestational carrier. The evaluation for traditional surrogacy involves thorough testing of the surrogate and the male partner.
Surrogates can be either known or anonymous. Known surrogates include relatives or friends who volunteer to carry the pregnancy or are paid in some way for the service. Anonymous surrogates can be arranged privately or through surrogate programs.
Surrogacy guidelines are not as well established as they are for donor sperm and donor eggs. The ideal surrogate is relatively young, has previously carried a pregnancy without complications, and does not have any habits, such as smoking, alcohol or illicit drug use, risky sexual behavior, or medical disorders such as diabetes or Rh sensitization, that could jeopardize the health of the fetus. A complete medical history and physical exam should be performed as well as screening for infectious diseases. An evaluation of the surrogate’s uterus may also be recommended, and psychological evaluation is strongly recommended.
Surrogacy programs vary in the amount of information given about the surrogate. Some programs offer the couple the opportunity to select and interact with the surrogate, while other programs maintain the confidentiality of the surrogate.
As with donor egg programs, the procedure for a gestational carrier involves IVF. As noted in the section on donor eggs, the gestational carrier may be given hormones to prepare her uterus for embryo transfer. The embryos from the infertile couple will then be transferred to the carrier’s uterus. For traditional surrogacy, the surrogate is inseminated with the male partner’s sperm via ICI or IUI near the time of ovulation. IVF is not necessary for traditional surrogacy. The success rates for gestational or traditional surrogacy can vary depending on male and female fertility factors.
The cost of gestational carriers or traditional surrogacy varies depending on whether the surrogate is known or anonymous and whether she is paid for carrying the pregnancy. These costs are usually not covered by medical insurance. Legal and program fees further add to the cost.