Treatment Options for Age-Related Female Infertility
KIC – The Surrogacy and Infertility Super-Specialty Clinic.
Surgery: Used to remove scar tissue and blockages from Endometriosis and other conditions, or repair structural defects that prevent conception or pregnancy. Surgical procedures are now not the first choice. I.V.F/I.C.S.I is the first choice of treatment. However if there are religious or ethical considerations then surgical procedures under an expert is the preferred choice of treatment.
Ovulation Induction (OI): Prescribed to regulate a menstrual cycle, stimulate the development of multiple eggs and/or trigger ovulation when irregular periods or ovulation problems occur. This may be used with insemination.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): Recommended when conception is more likely to occur In Vitro (outside the body) rather than In Vivo (inside). With IVF, hormones usually are used to stimulate development of multiple eggs. Retrieved directly from the ovary, they are fertilized with the partner’s sperm and a limited number of embryos are transferred into the uterus.
A laboratory-based procedure, Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), is used with IVF if the eggs have a hard shell and/or sperm problems (COUNT LESS THAN 20 MILLION OR POOR MOTILITY AND MOPHOLOGY) are a factor. ICSI involves injecting a single sperm directly into the egg’s core. When IVF is an option and certain genetic OR CHROMOSOMAL abnormalities are suspected, Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) – examination of a single cell from a developing embryo can help identify affected embryos so that they are not transferred.
Egg Donation: Required when there are no eggs available or pregnancy is unlikely due to their number, age or condition. With donor IVF, eggs are retrieved from a young female (ANONYMOUS OR KNOWN) whose follicles have been stimulated by fertility medications. If they are fertilized in the laboratory by the male partner’s sperm, the embryos are transferred into the recipient’s uterus, which has been prepared by fertility drugs.
Although IVF may be the best or only treatment for age-related infertility, outcomes decrease with age and hence it is important to consult with your fertility expert before proceeding with assisted reproduction.